SAML

SAML 2.0 is supported out of the box. However, the required dependencies are not installed by default. Therefore, you will need to specifcy the saml extra when installing the package:

$ pip install django-allauth[saml]

When you need to support SAML based authentication, often you need to support multiple organizations, each having their own SAML based Identity Provider (IdP). The way this translates to allauth is as follows:

  • The allauth SAML endpoints all include an organization slug. For example, /accounts/saml/<organization_slug>/login/ is used to initiate the SAML login flow.

  • The organization slug is used to lookup the SAML IdP configuration, which is stored in a SocialApp, or, its settings based SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS['saml']['APPS'] counterpart.

  • As per the SAML specification, each IdP is identified by an entity ID. Entity IDs typically use a URI based notation, and are therefore not suitable to be used as the organization slug. So, you need to be aware that allauth has two ways of identifying the SocialApp – via the SAML entity ID, and, via the organization slug.

  • For each user signing in via the SAML provider, a SocialAccount record is created. Here, the combination of SocialAccount.provider and SocialAccount.uid is expected to be unique. The uid identitifer is the SAML account ID which is locally unique within the IdP. Therefore, if you are using multiple IdP’s SocialAccount.provider cannot be set to "saml". Instead, the IdP entity ID would be a good candidate.

  • The SAML account attributes can differ per IdP. Therefore, additional configuration is needed to be able to extract relevant account attributes, such as the uid and email. This is done by setting up an attribute mapping.

How all of the above is configured in practice is shown below. Note that here we are using the settings based configuration, but you can setup the SocialApp via the Django admin as well:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = {
    "saml": {
        # Here, each app represents the SAML provider configuration of one
        # organization.
        "APPS": [
            {
                # Used for display purposes, e.g. over by: {% get_providers %}
                "name": "Acme Inc",

                # Accounts signed up via this provider will have their
                # `SocialAccount.provider` value set to this ID. The combination
                # of this value and the `uid` must be unique. The IdP entity ID is a
                # good choice for this.
                "provider_id": "urn:dev-123.us.auth0.com",

                # The organization slug is configured by setting the
                # `client_id` value. In this example, the SAML login URL is:
                #
                #     /accounts/saml/acme-inc/login/
                "client_id": "acme-inc",

                # The fields above are common `SocialApp` fields. For SAML,
                # additional configuration is needed, which is placed in
                # `SocialApp.settings`:
                "settings": {
                    # Mapping account attributes to upstream (IdP specific) attributes.
                    # If left empty, an attempt will be done to map the attributes using
                    # built-in defaults.
                    "attribute_mapping": {
                        "uid": "http://schemas.auth0.com/clientID",
                        "email_verified": "http://schemas.auth0.com/email_verified",
                        "email": "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/ws/2005/05/identity/claims/emailaddress",
                    },
                    # The configuration of the IdP.
                    "idp": {
                        # The entity ID of the IdP is required.
                        "entity_id": "urn:dev-123.us.auth0.com",

                        # Then, you can either specify the IdP's metadata URL:
                        "metadata_url": "https://dev-123.us.auth0.com/samlp/metadata/456",

                        # Or, you can inline the IdP parameters here as follows:
                        "sso_url": "https://dev-123.us.auth0.com/samlp/456",
                        "slo_url": "https://dev-123.us.auth0.com/samlp/456",
                        "x509cert": """
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIDHTCCAgWgAwIBAgIJLogff5x+S0BlMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBCwUAMCwxKjAoBgNV
BAMTIWRldi1uYXAybWY1ZTFwMXR3Z2Rv................................
................................G7qmyqcXRaf9HAuL/MvWz6zd96Ay6WHM
pXk92/DyUV48JxK/Bl7Bj8qjl5w5R7Dwps6wj+69PIAg
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
""",
                    },
                },
            },

In your templates, you can construct login URLs using the following template tag:

{% load socialaccount %}
{% provider_login_url "<provider_id>" %}

The SAML provider has the following endpoints:

  • /accounts/saml/<organization_slug>/login/: Initiate a login.

  • /accounts/saml/<organization_slug>/acs/: Assertion Consumer Service URL.

  • /accounts/saml/<organization_slug>/sls/: Single Logout Service URL.

  • /accounts/saml/<organization_slug>/metadata/: Metadata URL.